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Labor Values Are First Amendment Values: Why Union Comprehensive Campaigns Are Protected Speech

53 Pages Posted: 26 Oct 2011  

Charlotte Garden

Seattle University School of Law

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

Corporate targets of union “comprehensive campaigns” increasingly have responded by filing civil Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) lawsuits alleging that unions’ speech and petitioning activities are extortionate. These lawsuits are the descendants of the Supreme Court’s unexplained treatment of much labor speech as less worthy of protection than other types of speech. Starting from the position that speech that promotes democratic discourse deserves top-tier First Amendment protection, I argue that labor speech - which plays a unique role in civil society - should be on an equal footing with civil rights speech. Thus, even if union advocacy qualifies as legal extortion, the First Amendment should trump civil RICO enforcement, with two limited exceptions: speech that is actually malicious, and speech that imminently threatens to force an employer to choose between breaking the law and suffering significant economic harm or shutting its doors altogether.

Keywords: comprehensive campaigns, labor, First Amendment, free speech, deliberative democracy

Suggested Citation

Garden, Charlotte, Labor Values Are First Amendment Values: Why Union Comprehensive Campaigns Are Protected Speech (2011). Fordham Law Review, Vol. 79, p. 2617, 2011; Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 11-28. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1949851

Charlotte Garden (Contact Author)

Seattle University School of Law ( email )

901 12th Avenue, Sullivan Hall
P.O. Box 222000
Seattle, WA 98122-1090
United States

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