The Human Rights of the Vulnerable

International Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 13, Issue 4, pp. 591-614, September 2009

Posted: 28 Oct 2011

See all articles by Dimitris Xenos

Dimitris Xenos

Cardiff Metropolitan University

Date Written: October 27, 2011


Do vulnerable individuals have real human rights? At the supranational level of the European Convention of Human Rights the question of the rights of individuals is inextricably linked to the corollary question of the state's obligations. General principles determining positive obligations of the state to actively assist vulnerable individuals to enjoy human rights are revisited in order to demonstrate an enhanced emphasis on sophisticated evidential proof. Within this objective framework, grounds of legitimacy are sought whose evaluation is directly connected to the financial cost involved and the actionable thresholds of the Convention rights. Accordingly, any European standard emerging is drawn from a methodological base that secures consistency and predictability for realistic control and management of the human rights of the vulnerable within the system of the Convention.

Keywords: ECHR, Positive Obligations, Qualitative and Quantitative Elements

JEL Classification: D61, I12, I31, J71, K19, K32, K33

Suggested Citation

Xenos, Dimitris, The Human Rights of the Vulnerable (October 27, 2011). International Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 13, Issue 4, pp. 591-614, September 2009 , Available at SSRN:

Dimitris Xenos (Contact Author)

Cardiff Metropolitan University ( email )

Cardiff School of Management
Llandaff Campus, Western Avenue
Cardiff, CF5 2YB
United Kingdom


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