Political Ideology and Reactions to Crime Victims: Preferences for Restorative and Punitive Responses

26 Pages Posted: 29 Oct 2011

See all articles by Dena M. Gromet

Dena M. Gromet

University of Pennsylvania

John M. Darley

Princeton University

Date Written: December 2011

Abstract

We investigate the hypothesis that there are ideological differences in views about how crime victims can be restored. Across two studies, we found that liberal responses to victimization (Study 1) and crime (Study 2) are more reflective of a reparative mindset that directly addresses the needs and concerns of victims, whereas conservative responses are at least equally reflective of a punitive mindset that addresses victim harm through offender punishment. Furthermore, the salience of victim concerns, and whether people could carefully evaluate their judgments, affected the expression of these differing justice mindsets on people's satisfaction with the use of restoration and punishment in response to serious wrongdoing. When participants' cognitive resources were depleted, liberal satisfaction remained constant, whereas conservative satisfaction with the use of restoration decreased when victim concerns were salient. These results indicate that there are ideological differences in the adoption of both punitive and reparative justice mindsets, which can facilitate differing responses to victim concerns.

Suggested Citation

Gromet, Dena M. and Darley, John M., Political Ideology and Reactions to Crime Victims: Preferences for Restorative and Punitive Responses (December 2011). Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Vol. 8, Issue 4, pp. 830-855, 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1950950 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-1461.2011.01242.x

Dena M. Gromet (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania ( email )

3720 Walnut St.
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

John M. Darley

Princeton University ( email )

1-N-17 Green Hall
Princeton, NJ 08544
United States
609-258-3000 (Phone)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
5
Abstract Views
627
PlumX Metrics