The Entrepreneurial Mind-Set of University Students: A Cross-Cultural Comparison between Namibia and Germany

International Journal of Education Economics and Development, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 113-129, 2011

Posted: 30 Oct 2011

See all articles by Ravinder Rena

Ravinder Rena

Papua New Guinea University of Technology; Polytechnic of Namibia; University of the Western Cape; North-West University; Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Heiko Haase

University of Applied Sciences

Arndt Lautenschläger

University of Applied Sciences Jena

Date Written: September 15, 2010

Abstract

The objective of this article is setting a cornerstone to compare and understand the phenomenon of graduate entrepreneurship in developing and developed countries. Our central research questions are: Are there differences in the entrepreneurial intentions of university students? What are the factors that might explain potential differences in their entrepreneurial mind-set? In response to these questions, we performed a cross-sectional study exploring the prospective career paths of 2,353 university students from Namibia as well as from Eastern and Western Germany. We found that Namibian students have a higher entrepreneurial intention compared to their German counterparts. We detected several differences between both countries and revealed explanatory factors. However, they are not sufficient to explain the ‘regional dimension’ of the higher entrepreneurial intentions in Namibia. Several implications are presented.

Keywords: Graduate Entrepreneurship, Universities, Students, Entrepreneurial intentions, Namibia, Germany

JEL Classification: A12, A22, L26

Suggested Citation

Rena, Ravinder and Haase, Heiko and Lautenschläger, Arndt, The Entrepreneurial Mind-Set of University Students: A Cross-Cultural Comparison between Namibia and Germany (September 15, 2010). International Journal of Education Economics and Development, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 113-129, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1951062

Ravinder Rena (Contact Author)

Papua New Guinea University of Technology ( email )

Private Mail Bag 411
Lae, Morobe 411
Papua New Guinea

HOME PAGE: http://www.unitech.ac.pg

Polytechnic of Namibia ( email )

13 Storch Street
Private Bag 13388
Windhoek, Khomas 13388
Namibia

HOME PAGE: http://www.polytechnic.edu.na

University of the Western Cape ( email )

Private Bag X 17
Economics, Faculty of Economic and Management Scie
Bellville, Western Cape 7535
South Africa
0027219593624 (Phone)
0027219593201 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.uwc.ac.za

North-West University ( email )

Hoffman Street
Potchefstroom, 2520
South Africa

HOME PAGE: http://www.nwu.ac.za

Papua New Guinea University of Technology ( email )

Private Mail Bag 411
Lae, Morobe 411
Papua New Guinea

HOME PAGE: http://www.unitech.ac.pg

Heiko Haase

University of Applied Sciences ( email )

Carl-Zeiss-Promenade 2
Jena, 07745
Germany

Arndt Lautenschläger

University of Applied Sciences Jena ( email )

Carl-Zeiss-Promenade 2
Jena, 07745
Germany

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