On 'Feeling Right' in Cultural Contexts: How Person-Culture Match Affects Self-Esteem and Subjective Well-Being

Psychological Science, Vol. 21, No. 11, pp. 1563-1569, 2010

Columbia Business School Research Paper

8 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2011

See all articles by Ashley Fulmer

Ashley Fulmer

National University of Singapore (NUS)

Michele Joy Gelfand

University of Maryland

Arie W. Kruglanski

University of Maryland - Department of Psychology

Ed Diener

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Antonio Pierro

Sapienza University of Rome

E. Tory Higgins

Columbia Business School - Management

Chu Kim-Prieto

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: April 23, 2010

Abstract

Whether one is in one’s native culture or abroad, one’s personality can differ markedly from the personalities of the majority, thus failing to match the “cultural norm.” Our studies examined how the interaction of individual- and cultural-level personality affects people’s self-esteem and well-being.We propose a person-culture match hypothesis that predicts that when a person’s personality matches the prevalent personalities of other people in a culture, culture functions as an important amplifier of the positive effect of personality on self-esteem and subjective well-being at the individual level. Across two studies, using data from more than 7,000 individuals from 28 societies, multilevel random-coefficient analyses showed that when a relation between a given personality trait and well-being or self-esteem exists at the individual level, the relation is stronger in cultures characterized by high levels of that personality dimension. Results were replicated across extraversion, promotion focus, and locomotive regulatory mode. Our research has practical implications for the well-being of both cultural natives and migrants.

Suggested Citation

Fulmer, Ashley and Gelfand, Michele Joy and Kruglanski, Arie W. and Diener, Ed and Pierro, Antonio and Higgins, E. Tory and Kim-Prieto, Chu, On 'Feeling Right' in Cultural Contexts: How Person-Culture Match Affects Self-Esteem and Subjective Well-Being (April 23, 2010). Psychological Science, Vol. 21, No. 11, pp. 1563-1569, 2010 ; Columbia Business School Research Paper . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1951194

Ashley Fulmer

National University of Singapore (NUS) ( email )

Bukit Timah Road 469 G
Singapore, 117591
Singapore

Michele Joy Gelfand

University of Maryland ( email )

1142 Biology-Psychology Building
College Park, MD 0742-4411
United States
301 405 6972 (Phone)

Arie W. Kruglanski

University of Maryland - Department of Psychology ( email )

United States

Ed Diener

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ( email )

601 E John St
Champaign, IL 61820
United States

Antonio Pierro

Sapienza University of Rome

Piazzale Aldo Moro, 5
Rome, 00185
Italy

E. Tory Higgins (Contact Author)

Columbia Business School - Management ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Chu Kim-Prieto

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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