National Comprehensive Data Protection/Privacy Laws and Bills 2018
1 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2011 Last revised: 27 Sep 2018
Date Written: September 4, 2018
Nearly 120 countries and independent jurisdictions and territories around the world have now adopted comprehensive data protection/privacy laws to protect personal data held by private and public bodies. Another almost 40 countries and jurisdictions have pending bills or initiatives.
The laws in these countries apply to personal information held in both electronic and physical form and to all or nearly all subject areas. In nearly all of the countries, the laws apply to personal information held by private bodies and by governments.
In nearly all of the countries, an independent data protection or information commission oversees and enforces the laws. Most laws have also included specific exemptions for the media while a few also specifically refer to national right to information laws.
This map shows which jurisdictions have adopted laws or have pending initiatives. This update includes a number of new countries which adopted laws this year including Brazil, Bahrain, and St Kitts and Nevis.
Keywords: privacy, data protection, personal data
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