National Comprehensive Data Protection/Privacy Laws and Bills 2018

1 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2011 Last revised: 25 Jan 2018

David Banisar

ARTICLE 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression

Date Written: January 25, 2018

Abstract

Over 100 countries and independent jurisdictions and territories around the world have now adopted comprehensive data protection/privacy laws to protect personal data held by private and public bodies. Around 40 countries and jurisdictions have pending bills or initiatives.

The laws in these countries apply to personal information held in both electronic and physical form and to all or nearly all subject areas. In nearly all of the countries, the laws apply to personal information held by private bodies and by governments.

In most countries, an independent data protection or information commission oversee and enforces the laws. Most laws have also included specific exemptions for the media while a few also specifically refer to national right to information laws.

This map shows which jurisdictions have adopted laws or have pending initiatives. This update includes a number of new countries including Mauritania, Niger, Sao Tome, and the Cayman Islands.

Keywords: privacy, data protection, personal data

Suggested Citation

Banisar, David, National Comprehensive Data Protection/Privacy Laws and Bills 2018 (January 25, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1951416 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1951416

David Banisar (Contact Author)

ARTICLE 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression ( email )

60 Farringdon Road
London, EC1R 1UQ
United Kingdom

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