National Comprehensive Data Protection/Privacy Laws and Bills 2020

1 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2011 Last revised: 16 Dec 2020

See all articles by David Banisar

David Banisar

ARTICLE 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression

Date Written: December 15, 2020

Abstract

Over 130 countries and self-governing jurisdictions and territories around the world have now adopted comprehensive data protection/privacy laws to protect personal data held by private and public bodies. Another almost 40 countries and jurisdictions including China, Nigeria, Iran, and Indonesia have pending bills or initiatives.

The laws in these countries apply to personal information held in both electronic and physical form and to all or nearly all subject areas. In nearly all of the countries, the laws apply to personal information held by private bodies and by governments.

In nearly all of the countries, an independent data protection or information commission oversees and enforces the laws. Nearly all laws have included specific exemptions for the media to harmonise the right of privacy with freedom of expression while a few also specifically refer to national right to information laws.

This map shows which jurisdictions have adopted laws or have pending initiatives. This update includes 3 new countries which adopted laws in the last year - Egypt, Barbados, and Jamaica, as well as the new China Data Protection Bill.

Keywords: privacy, data protection, personal data

Suggested Citation

Banisar, David, National Comprehensive Data Protection/Privacy Laws and Bills 2020 (December 15, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1951416 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1951416

David Banisar (Contact Author)

ARTICLE 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression ( email )

60 Farringdon Road
London, EC1R 1UQ
United Kingdom

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