National Comprehensive Data Protection/Privacy Laws and Bills 2021
1 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2011 Last revised: 13 Sep 2021
Date Written: August 30, 2021
Nearly 140 countries and self-governing jurisdictions and territories around the world (118 UN Member States, and 20 self governing jurisdictions) have now adopted comprehensive data protection/privacy laws to protect personal data held by private and public bodies. Another 30 countries and jurisdictions including Nigeria, Iran, and Indonesia have pending bills or initiatives.
The laws in these countries apply to personal information held in both electronic and physical form and to all or nearly all subject areas. In nearly all of the countries, the laws apply to personal information held by private bodies and by governments.
In nearly all of the countries, an independent data protection or information commission oversees and enforces the laws. Nearly all laws have included specific exemptions for the media to harmonise the right of privacy with freedom of expression while a few also specifically refer to national right to information laws.
This map shows which jurisdictions have adopted laws or have pending initiatives. This update includes 5 new countries/jurisdictions which adopted laws in the last year - China, Belarus, Ecuador, Zambia, and the British Virgin Islands, as well as new initiatives in Belize, Cambodia, and Viet Nam.
Keywords: privacy, data protection, personal data
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