Employment Protection, Technology Choice, and Worker Allocation
64 Pages Posted: 1 Nov 2011
Date Written: May 1, 2011
We show empirically that high-risk innovative sectors are relatively small in countries with strict employment protection legislation (EPL). To understand the mechanism, we develop a two-sector matching model where firms endogenously choose between safe and risky technology. Simulations with our calibrated model are consistent with the data: Strict EPL discourages choosing the emerging risky technology because it is more costly to shed workers upon receiving a bad productivity draw. This mechanism helps explain the lowdown in productivity in the EU relative to the US since the mid-1990s that often is associated with lagging adoption of information technology in the EU.
Keywords: employment protection legislation, exit costs, information and communication technologies, heterogeneous productivity, risky technology, innovation, sectoral allocation
JEL Classification: J65, O38
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