Labor Supply and Child Care Choices in a Rationed Child Care Market

42 Pages Posted: 5 Nov 2011

See all articles by Katharina Wrohlich

Katharina Wrohlich

DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 1, 2011

Abstract

This paper presents an empirical framework for the analysis of mothers' labor supply and child care choices, explicitly taking into account access restrictions to subsidized child care. This is particularly important for countries such as Germany, where subsidized child care is rationed and private child care is only available at considerably higher cost. I use a discrete choice panel data model controlling for unobserved heterogeneity to simultaneously estimate labor supply and the demand for child care of German mothers with at least one child under the age of seven years. The model can be used to evaluate different kinds of policy reforms, such as changes in the availability or costs of child care. Results from the illustrating policy simulations show that targeting public expenditures at an extension of child care slots has greater effects on maternal employment than a reduction of parents' fees to existing slots.

Keywords: Child care, labor supply, discrete choice, panel study, Germany

JEL Classification: J22, J13, C35

Suggested Citation

Wrohlich, Katharina, Labor Supply and Child Care Choices in a Rationed Child Care Market (November 1, 2011). DIW Berlin Discussion Paper No. 1169. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1954648 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1954648

Katharina Wrohlich (Contact Author)

DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Mohrenstra├če 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

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