On the Longitudinal Effects of IT Use on Firm-Level Employment
Information Systems Research (Forthcoming)
44 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2011 Last revised: 3 Dec 2015
Date Written: July 18, 2013
The effect of Information Technology (IT) on employment is a crucial question in today’s economy given the increased digitization of work. To analyze the relationship between IT use and firm-level employment, we examine the longitudinal role of IT use in the firm’s total number of employees. Our data set comes from the emerging economy of Turkey and it represents firms of different sizes and industries. The data capture the firm’s use of enterprise applications, such as ERP and CRM, and the use of web applications, such as e-banking and e-government. Our empirical specifications exploit both within-firm and between-firm variations to show the positive effect of IT use on firm-level employment, which varies across IT applications over time. Interestingly, we found that the effects of the use of enterprise applications materialize after two years, whereas the effects of the use of web applications are realized in the current year. We also examine whether the role of IT use in firm-level employment are moderated by firm size, average wage rate, and industry technology intensity. The long-term effects of the use of enterprise applications on firm-level employment are more pronounced in larger firms, with higher average wages, and in high-technology industries. The results are robust to alternative specifications and tests that address causality and endogeneity concerns. Implications for research, practice, and public policy are discussed.
Keywords: IT use, firm-level employment, longitidunal effects of IT, causality tests
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