Combatting Child Trafficking in Forced Labor in India

18 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2011

Date Written: November 12, 2011


Human trafficking is one of the most serious organised crimes in India as it occupies a unique position to be a source, transit and destination for the crime. The root cause of trafficking in India is poverty, illiteracy, lack of livelihood options, disasters and unemployment which has rendered men, women and children vulnerable to trafficking. Victims of trafficking are not only men and women but also the children who are highly vulnerable and are abducted, recruited and transferred mostly for sexual and labour exploitation. Trafficking violates child’s right and exposes them to dangers in their life. In India large numbers of children are trafficked not only for sexual exploitation but for various form of economic exploitation such as domestic labour, industrial labour, agricultural labour in various small, large scale industries and construction activities.

Trafficked children are vulnerable groups who are socially excluded and get no income or less income for their employment. They are unaware of their rights and are exploited. Child trafficked for economic exploitation are compelled to do hazardous work in an unhealthy condition and are excluded from right to education and basic amenities which takes the form of forced labour.

Therefore the scope of this paper is confined to combating child trafficking in forced labour with special focus on economic exploitation. This paper has been divided into five parts. Part I deals with introduction. Part II deals with the meaning and definition of child trafficking and forced labour as per different conventions. Part III deals with the relation between child trafficking and forced labour and how they are interconnected with each other. Part IV deals with the legal provisions and other instruments playing role in combating child trafficking in forced labour especially on economic exploitation. Part V deals with suggestions and conclusion.

Keywords: child trafficking, India

JEL Classification: Z00

Suggested Citation

Gochhayat, Sai Abhipsa, Combatting Child Trafficking in Forced Labor in India (November 12, 2011). Available at SSRN: or

Sai Abhipsa Gochhayat (Contact Author)

NLS - NUJS ( email )


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