A Critique and Reframing of Personality in Labour Market Theory: Locus of Control and Labour Market Outcomes

51 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2011

See all articles by Eileen Trzcinski

Eileen Trzcinski

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Elke Holst

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - German Socio Economic Panel

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

This article critically examines the theoretical arguments that underlie the literature linking personality traits to economic outcomes and provides empirical evidence indicating that labour market outcomes influence personality outcomes. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we investigated the extent to which gender differences occur in the processes by which highly positive and negative labour market outcomes are determined and in the processes underlying the development of one particular aspect of personality, locus of control. Gender differences were more pronounced in the results for years in managerial/ leadership positions than for locus of control. Negative labour market states were also marked by gender differences. We conclude by arguing that an explicitly value-laden analysis of the rewards associated with personality within the labour market could expose areas where the gendered nature of rewards by personality serves to perpetuate power relationships within the labour market.

Keywords: labour market theory, power, gender, personality traits, locus of control, SOEP

JEL Classification: J01, J16, J24, J71, B54

Suggested Citation

Trzcinski, Eileen and Holst, Elke, A Critique and Reframing of Personality in Labour Market Theory: Locus of Control and Labour Market Outcomes. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6090. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1958746

Eileen Trzcinski (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Elke Holst

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - German Socio Economic Panel ( email )

DIW Berlin
Berlin, Berlin 14191
Germany

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