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Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina's Downturns

29 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2011  

Guillermo Cruces

Universidad Nacional de La Plata - Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS); IZA

Pablo Alfredo Gluzmann

Centro de Estudios Economicos Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - Universidad Nacional de La Plata; Republic of Argentina - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)

Luis Felipe López-Calva

World Bank

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of recent crises in Argentina (including the severe downturn of 2001-2002) on health and education outcomes. The identification strategy relies on both the inter-temporal and the cross-provincial co-variation between changes in regional GDP and outcomes by province. These results indicate significant and substantial effects of aggregate fluctuations on maternal and infant mortality and low birth weight, with countercyclical though not significant patterns for enrollment rates. Finally, provincial public expenditures on health and education are correlated with the incidence of low birth weight and school enrollment for teenagers, with worsening results associated with GDP declines.

Keywords: crisis, infant mortality, maternal mortality, low birth weight, poverty, Argentina

JEL Classification: I15, I25

Suggested Citation

Cruces, Guillermo and Gluzmann, Pablo Alfredo and López-Calva, Luis Felipe, Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina's Downturns. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6096. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1958752

Guillermo Cruces (Contact Author)

Universidad Nacional de La Plata - Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) ( email )

Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y
Sociales, Calle 6 e/47 y 48
La Plata, Provincia de Buenos Aires 1900
Argentina

HOME PAGE: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar

IZA

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Pablo Alfredo Gluzmann

Centro de Estudios Economicos Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - Universidad Nacional de La Plata ( email )

Calle 6 e/47 y 48
La Plata, Provincia de Buenos Aires 1900
Argentina

Republic of Argentina - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) ( email )

Avda. Rivadavia 1917
Buenos Aires, Federal Capital C1033AAJ
Argentina

Luis Felipe Lopez-Calva

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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