Raising the Financial Costs of Children and Fertility Responses: Evidence from the Kibbutz

30 Pages Posted: 24 Nov 2011

See all articles by Avraham Ebenstein

Avraham Ebenstein

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics

Moshe Hazan

Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Avi Simhon

Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Date Written: November 2011

Abstract

Prior to 1996, Israelis in collective communities (kibbutzim) shared the costs of raising children equally. This paper examines the impact of the privatization of kibbutzim on fertility behavior among members. We find that fertility declined by 6-15 percent following the shift to privatization. In light of the massive change in financial costs associated with childbearing due to privatization, our results suggest that financial considerations may be a more modest factor in fertility decisions than generally regarded.

Keywords: fertility, privatization

JEL Classification: D1, J13

Suggested Citation

Ebenstein, Avraham and Hazan, Moshe and Simhon, Avi, Raising the Financial Costs of Children and Fertility Responses: Evidence from the Kibbutz (November 2011). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP8634. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1964124

Avraham Ebenstein (Contact Author)

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics ( email )

Israel

Moshe Hazan

Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 39040
Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, 69978
Israel

HOME PAGE: http://moshehazan.weebly.com/

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Avi Simhon

Hebrew University of Jerusalem ( email )

Mount Scopus
Jerusalem 91905, IL Jerusalem 91905
Israel
+972 2 588 3237 (Phone)
+972 2 581 6071 (Fax)

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