Long Shadows of History: Persecution in Central Europe and its Labor Market Consequences

39 Pages Posted: 28 Nov 2011

See all articles by Michal Myck

Michal Myck

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Radim Bohacek

Charles University in Prague - CERGE-EI (Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute)

Abstract

We analyze the extent and effects of job-related persecution under communist regimes in the Czech Republic and Poland using a representative sample of individuals aged 50+ from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. Retrospective information collected in the SHARELIFE interview offers a unique chance to relate past and current labor market outcomes to experiences of persecution reflecting the historical developments in Central Europe in the 20th century. Individual level data with details on labor market histories is matched with information on the experiences of state oppression. On-the-job persecution is found to have significant effect on job quality assessment and is strongly related to reporting of distinct periods of stress in both countries. Consequences of on-the-job persecution seem to have been much more severe and longer lasting in the Czech Republic, with significant financial effects of job loss or discrimination. This is explained by the greater degree of state control over the labour market in the former Czechoslovakia compared to Poland and different characteristics of the dissident groups in both countries.

Keywords: labor discrimination, persecution, job satisfaction, life histories, history of Central Europe

JEL Classification: J71, J28, N44, I19

Suggested Citation

Myck, Michal and Bohacek, Radim, Long Shadows of History: Persecution in Central Europe and its Labor Market Consequences. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6130. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1965147

Michal Myck (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstra├če 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Radim Bohacek

Charles University in Prague - CERGE-EI (Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute) ( email )

P.O. Box 882
7 Politickych veznu
Prague 1, 111 21
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://www.cerge-ei.cz

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