Types of Dryers and Their Effect on the Pistachio Nuts Quality- A Review

9 Pages Posted: 28 Nov 2011

See all articles by Ahmad Shakerardekani

Ahmad Shakerardekani

Iranian Pistachio Research Institute; Universiti Pertanian Malaysia (UPM)

R. Karim

affiliation not provided to SSRN

H. Mohd Ghazali

affiliation not provided to SSRN

N. L. Chin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: December 2011

Abstract

This review discusses the performance of existing dryers for pistachio drying process, which is available in the literature. It encompasses sun drying, solar dryer, bin dryer, vertical continuous dryer, funnel cylindrical dryer, vertical cylindrical dryer, continuous mobile and steady tray dryer, drum dryer and continuous belt conveyor dryer. The split nut and shell appearance of pistachio nuts are significantly influenced by the drying methods. The types of dryer used for drying pistachio nuts are critical to the final quality of the product. Although sun drying has a good effect on the final product quality, the negative climatic and environmental conditions must be considered. A combination of bin dryer and sun drying or combination of bin dryer and solar dryer, are recommended as effective drying techniques to prevent adverse quality effect on pistachio nut.

Keywords: Pistachios, Nuts, Drying, Dryer, Moisture, Quality, Processing, Iran

Suggested Citation

Shakerardekani, Ahmad and Karim, R. and Ghazali, H. Mohd and Chin, N. L., Types of Dryers and Their Effect on the Pistachio Nuts Quality- A Review (December 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1965354 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1965354

Ahmad Shakerardekani (Contact Author)

Iranian Pistachio Research Institute ( email )

Rafsanjan, Kerman 77175-435
Iran

HOME PAGE: http://www.pri.ir

Universiti Pertanian Malaysia (UPM) ( email )

Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan 43400
Malaysia

R. Karim

affiliation not provided to SSRN

H. Mohd Ghazali

affiliation not provided to SSRN

N. L. Chin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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