Intrametropolitan Opportunity Structure and the Self-Employment of Asian and Latino Immigrants

41 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2011

See all articles by Cathy Yang Liu

Cathy Yang Liu

Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies

Date Written: November, 28 2011

Abstract

Using 2000 Census microdata for the Atlanta metropolitan area as a case study, this research investigates the effect of intra-metropolitan opportunity structure and local area context, especially spatial structure, urban employment pattern, social environment and ethnic concentration, on Asian and Latino immigrants’ incidence of self-employment. These two groups grew rapidly both in the total labor force and among the self-employed in Atlanta. It is found that living in central city and inner ring suburbs depresses Latino immigrants’ entrepreneurial activities. The growth of trade jobs and concentration of immigrants in a local area both give rise to immigrant entrepreneurship. Results suggest that traditional theories like disadvantage theory needs to be reassessed in the context of new immigrant gateways, while the ethnic enclave hypothesis is still validated. Potential policies to promote immigrant entrepreneurship are also discussed.

Keywords: immigrants, self-employment

JEL Classification: J23, J61

Suggested Citation

Liu, Cathy Yang, Intrametropolitan Opportunity Structure and the Self-Employment of Asian and Latino Immigrants (November, 28 2011). Economic Development Quarterly, Forthcoming; Andrew Young School of Policy Studies Research Paper Series No. 12-04. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1965675

Cathy Yang Liu (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies ( email )

Andrew Young School of Policy Studies
Atlanta, GA 30303-3083
United States

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