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Determinants of Obtaining Formal and Informal LTC across European Countries

37 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2011  

Agnieszka Sowa

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research

Izabela Styczyńska

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research

Date Written: November 1, 2011

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to identify patterns of utilization of formal and informal long term care (LTC) across European countries and discuss possible determinants of demand for different types of care. Specific research questions are of the volume of different types of care and conditions under which care is undertaken. The latter include demographic factors, especially aging of the society, health status and limitations caused by poor health, family settings and social networking. The analysis indicates substantial differences in obtaining LTC across European countries depending on the tradition and social protection model that determine availability of institutional care and provision of informal care. In the Nordic-type countries with high state responsibility and high provision of institutional care, informal care is of less importance and - if received - it is mostly care provided from on irregular basis from outside the family. With growing needs for care, formal settings come in. Countries of the continental Europe are less unified with high share of people using formal settings of care, but also combining formal and informal care. In Mediterranean countries provision of informal care, including personal care, plays much greater role than formal LTC.

Keywords: long-term care, demand for LTC, determinants of provision of LTC

JEL Classification: J14, I11

Suggested Citation

Sowa, Agnieszka and Styczyńska, Izabela, Determinants of Obtaining Formal and Informal LTC across European Countries (November 1, 2011). CASE Network Studies and Analyses No. 431. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1966544 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1966544

Agnieszka Sowa (Contact Author)

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
Warsaw, 01-031
Poland

Izabela Styczyńska

CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research ( email )

Al. Jana Pawła II 61/212
Warsaw, 01-031
Poland

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