Patentando ADN (Patenting DNA)
Revista la Propiedad Inmaterial, No. 15, p. 47, November 2011
13 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2011
Date Written: June 27, 2011
Patent systems in developed countries have made different interpretation or created new standards to embrace sequences of DNA as a patentable entity, regardless of the fact that in theory DNA did not fulfill requirements of patents (novelty, inventive step and industrial application (utility), and patent subject matter). This approach benefits R&D in the biotechnology industry. However, patents also represent a threat in R&D. This article studies both how patent systems in Europe adopted sequences of DNA and how patents could affect R&D in biotechnology.
Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.
Keywords: sequence of DNA, patents, novelty, inventive step, industrial application, patent subject matter, ownership, R&D, Europe, licensing, tragedy of commons, tragedy of anticommons
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Consecuencias de la Biología Sintética en los Derechos de Propiedad Intelectual y Acceso a los Recursos Genéticos y Distribución de los Beneficios (Implications of Synthetic Biology in Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing)