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Transparency and Repression: An Explanation for the Democratic Civil Peace

Posted: 1 Dec 2011 Last revised: 24 Jul 2017

Navid Hassanpour

School of Political Science, Higher School of Economics

Date Written: October 27, 2011

Abstract

In the face of popular opposition, democracies often exert lower levels of repression compared to autocracies. For such a democratic civil peace this paper provides an explanation based on transparency. When the opposition see the level of repression they expect, atrocities are limited and the military does not engage in reprisals. In contrast, when reality diverges from expectations, there will be violent retributions against civilians. Using a tripartite stylization, I account for higher levels of violence in newly established democracies and examine the conditions under which the military's decision to intervene can diverge from the incumbent's order. I use statistics of missing data entries from reports on military expenditure as a measure of transparency and confirm its negative relation with political violence.

Keywords: Democratic Civil Peace, Information, Learning, Military, Political Violence, Repression, Revolution, Transparency, Uprisings of 1989 and 2011

Suggested Citation

Hassanpour, Navid, Transparency and Repression: An Explanation for the Democratic Civil Peace (October 27, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1966972 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1966972

Navid Hassanpour (Contact Author)

School of Political Science, Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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