Quality Differentials in Italian Universities' Freshmen: The Case of Medical and Dental Surgery Schools

45 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2011

See all articles by Paolo Sestito

Paolo Sestito

Bank of Italy

Marco Tonello

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan

Date Written: April 14, 2011

Abstract

The paper compares the quality of Italian Medical schools’ freshmen on the basis of the scores obtained in the locally conducted entry exams which are using a common national test frame. The test is quite selective (partly because of the reduced size of the intake yearly allowed): winners are people on average better than the average graduates of their own secondary schools and 15% of them have already had some college education in other fields. Among Universities there appear to be sizable and stable over time differences in the average quality of freshmen; while students from the South have on average worse results in the tests, those of them moving to Northern Universities contribute to the higher average quality of these Universities’ freshmen. Comparing, for Dental Surgery schools which have used both, local tests and a national test (the position in the national test governing the priority in the choice of the school where to enroll), it seems that the latter amplifies (shrinks) the difference between (within each of the several) Universities in the freshmen’s composition.

Note: Downloadable document is in Italian.

Keywords: college enrollment, freshmen quality, selection mechanisms

JEL Classification: I23, I21

Suggested Citation

Sestito, Paolo and Tonello, Marco, Quality Differentials in Italian Universities' Freshmen: The Case of Medical and Dental Surgery Schools (April 14, 2011). Bank of Italy Occasional Paper No. 90, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1968837 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1968837

Paolo Sestito (Contact Author)

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Marco Tonello

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan ( email )

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