Hedging Structured Credit Products During the Credit Crisis: A Horse Race of 10 Models
59 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2011 Last revised: 31 Dec 2012
Date Written: December 31, 2012
Pricing and hedging structured credit products poses major challenges to financial institutions. This has become very clear during the recent credit crisis. This paper puts several valuation approaches through a crucial test: How did these models perform in one of the worst periods of economic history, September 2008, when Lehman Brothers went down? Did they produce reasonable hedging strategies? We study several bottom-up and top-down credit portfolio models and compute the resulting delta hedging strategies using either index contracts or a portfolio of single-name CDS contracts as hedging instruments. We compute the profit-and-loss profiles and assess the performances of these hedging strategies. Among all 10 pricing models that we consider the Student-t copula model performs the best. The dynamical generalized-Poisson loss model is the best top-down model, but this model class has in general problems to hedge equity tranches. Our major finding is however that single-name and index CDS contracts are not appropriate instruments to hedge CDO tranches.
Keywords: Structured products, P&L analysis, Hedging, Bottom-up models, Top-down models, Copulas, Self-exciting models
JEL Classification: G13, G33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation