¿Cuáles son los Determinantes de la Cuenta Corriente? El Enfoque Intertemporal Aplicado a la República Dominicana (Macroeconomic Determinants of the Current Account Deficit in the Dominican Republic)
40 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2011
Date Written: July 1, 2011
The aim of this research is to identify which are the macroeconomic determinants the Current Account Deficit in the Dominican Republic for the period 1970-2009. We use the inter-temporal approach to the current account exposed by Obstfeld, M. & Rogoff, K. (1995), and augment the analysis with the estimation of a Partial Autoregressive Vector (PVAR) with the objective of capturing the dynamics effects and the relative importance of some of the factors collected on the economics literature.
According to the results, the inter-temporal model explains the behavior of the current account of the Dominican Republic and identifies the private investment as its principal determinant. From the PVAR’s results we have that positive shocks on the cyclical GDP, the public budget result, the real exchange rate over its equilibrium level and in the term of trade have positive impacts that lead to a decrease on the deficit. On another hand, monetary shocks over its level of equilibrium, in the cyclical foreign GDP and in the real external interest rate produce a worsening of the external deficit. Finally, as the Variance Decomposition results indicate, the most relevant determinant of the current account variability is the real exchange rate, fact that shows that the nominal exchange rate and its volatility are capital factors in the adjustment mechanism of the current account in an open and small economy.
Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.
Keywords: Intertemporal Approach of the Current Account, VAR models
JEL Classification: C32, F32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation