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Tafsir of the Holy Qur’An (Ch 2: Surah Al-Baqarah, section 17) Verses 142 to 147

Posted: 11 Dec 2011 Last revised: 19 Feb 2013

Justice (R) Dr. Munir Ahmad Mughal

Punjab University Law College; Superior Law College

Date Written: December 11, 2011


In this paper it has been shown while explaining the verses of Chapter 2 of the Holy Qur'an that the distinctive mark of Ummat Muslimah is moderation, justice and fair conduct.

This is the distinctive mark of Muslim Ummah. Muslims have to show it all time. Show means to possess in fact in their national character all the traits that make it deserving the title. To have the potential is one thing and to prove to the test is another. The test is the environment, the people around, the mutual dealings in all human forms individually, collectively and internationally. Muslims must consider and reconsider their lackings and lagging behind in all field of life and then educate and discipline themselves in the most modern ways being equipped with all the modern sciences and technologies and then prove by conduct that professing Islam they are the most useful human beings all over the world. This is possible when we have self accountability, leave all sorts of deceptions and become true Muslims in the real sense of the term. Only then our saying Assalamu `Alaykum wa Rahmatullah will appear from us.

God is kind to all humanity. Muslims are to show kindness following the 'khulq' of Allah Almighty and the morals of the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ و آلہ وسلم). It is the others who are to test and declare our worth and value in the social systems. We cannot live in isolation nor others can live in isolation. Interaction is essential for coexistence. And coexistence requires honesty and confidence. Confidence comes when one fulfills ones words honestly and fully and also on time and without any disguise.

We all belong to God and towards Him the return of all of us and He has foretold about accountability, hence good conduct is to be maintained throughout our life to the best possible standard. We are fortunate that we have been told that the life of the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ و آلہ وسلم) is Excellent model of behavior for us. The only thing is actual practice. Mere lip service is not sufficient in building national character. Our character must stand a witness to our sayings. This will create confidence.

Keywords: Ummah, moderation, justice, fairplay, Qibla, direction

Suggested Citation

Mughal, Justice (R) Dr. Munir Ahmad, Tafsir of the Holy Qur’An (Ch 2: Surah Al-Baqarah, section 17) Verses 142 to 147 (December 11, 2011). Available at SSRN:

Munir Ahmad Mughal (Contact Author)

Punjab University Law College ( email )

(Res.)125-B, Judicial Colony, Lahore
Lahore, Punjab 54000
042-35304847 (Phone)
042-35311498 (Fax)

Superior Law College

(Res.)125-B, Judicial Colony
Lahore, Punjab 54000
0092-42-35304847 (Phone)
0092-42-35311498 (Fax)

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