The Use of Tax Havens in Exemption Regimes

Anna Gumpert

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

James R. Hines Jr.

University of Michigan; NBER

Monika Schnitzer

University of Munich - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

December 2011

NBER Working Paper No. w17644

This paper analyzes the tax haven investment behavior of multinational firms from a country that exempts foreign income from taxation. High foreign tax rates generally encourage firms to invest in tax havens, though significant costs of reallocating taxable income dampen these incentives. The behavior of German manufacturing firms from 2002-2008 is consistent with this prediction: at the mean, one percentage point higher foreign tax rates are associated with three percentage point greater likelihoods of owning tax haven affiliates. This contrasts with earlier evidence for U.S. firms subject to home country taxation, which are more likely to invest in tax havens if they face lower foreign tax rates. Foreign tax rates appear to be unrelated to tax haven investments of German firms in service industries, possibly reflecting the difficulty they face in reallocating taxable income.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 54

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Date posted: December 12, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Gumpert, Anna and Hines Jr., James R. and Schnitzer, Monika, The Use of Tax Havens in Exemption Regimes (December 2011). NBER Working Paper No. w17644. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1971468

Contact Information

Anna Gumpert (Contact Author)
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich ( email )
Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1
Munich, Bavaria 80539
HOME PAGE: http://www.en.compecon.econ.uni-muenchen.de/staff/postdocs/gumpert/index.html
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679

James Rodger Hines
University of Michigan ( email )
625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Monika Schnitzer
University of Munich - Department of Economics ( email )
Ludwigstrasse 28
Munich, D-80539
+49 89 2180 2217 (Phone)
+49 89 2180 2767 (Fax)
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
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