Role of Open Innovation Models and IPR in Technology Transfer in the Context of Climate Change Mitigation
DIFFUSION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES: CASE STUDIES OF ENABLING FRAMEWORKS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PERSPECTIVE SERIES, pp. 147-158, J. Haselip, I. Nygaard, U. Hansen, E. Ackom, eds., UNEP Riso Centre, Denmark, 2011
18 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2011
Date Written: December 13, 2011
While the importance of Technology Transfer in Climate Change Mitigation is well accepted, the role of IPR (Intellectual Property Rights) in facilitating TT is a controversial issue. While there are extreme views on this, holding that, IPR is not at all a barrier, and, IPR is really a barrier, the debate has moved beyond such polarized positions. Scholars have come up with nuanced positions, supported by empirical research. There have been suggestions on using alternative models like Open Innovation that go beyond traditional approaches on innovation and IPR, to facilitate TT.
This paper examines how Open Innovation and Open Source Models can be used to facilitate TT. It discusses Open Innovation and Open Source Models, and the various options like patent pools, and clearinghouses. It points out the scope and limitations of these models and the options in facilitating TT. Through a hypothetical example the application of Open Innovation Model to develop and transfer a technology relevant in mitigation, i.e. development of rice varieties with enhanced nitrogen use efficiency, is illustrated and IPR issues are examined. The paper suggests that Open Innovation Models can play an important role in facilitating TT in the context of climate change mitigation.
Keywords: UNFCCC, Technology Transfer, Open Innovation,TRIPS, Intellectual Property Rights, mitigation, Climate Change, Open Source, WTO, licensing
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