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The Power of the Strong State: A Comparative Analysis of the Diaspora Engagement Strategies of India and Ethiopia

Metka Hercog

Maastricht University

Katie Kuschminder

Maastricht University

December 13, 2011

UNU‐MERIT Working Paper No. 2011-044

Migrant-sending countries are increasingly exploring schemes where the human capital of expatriates can be used for the benefit of the home country’s socioeconomic development. This paper focuses on the mechanisms of emigration management and problematizes government involvement in diaspora engagement. By exploring two cases of diaspora engagement policies, those of India and of Ethiopia, the paper questions the success of government mechanisms, establishing the conditions under which these mechanisms lead to political and economic benefit from the diaspora. Although countries differ immensely in various aspects, Ethiopia modelled its diaspora policy after the case of India, which provides us with a good case for establishing the necessary conditions. Both countries see diaspora as a key resource in economic development of respective countries and have therefore invested significant resources into developing institutions and policies to engage diaspora. Nevertheless, there are some major differences between the countries, in terms of the countries’ resources and capacities to design and implement diaspora engagement policies and also in the composition of migrant communities. While Indian migration has always had an economic component, the Ethiopian Diaspora is primarily characterized by refugee flows. Moreover, India has a long history of migration and one of the largest migrant communities in the world. The paper argues that government resources and capacities to design and implement policies and the composition of migrant communities play a key role in determining the approach governments adopt with their diasporas.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 54

Keywords: diaspora, migration, diaspora engagement policy, diaspora engagement institutions, India, Ethiopia

JEL Classification: F22, J61, J68

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Date posted: December 14, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Hercog, Metka and Kuschminder, Katie, The Power of the Strong State: A Comparative Analysis of the Diaspora Engagement Strategies of India and Ethiopia (December 13, 2011). UNU‐MERIT Working Paper No. 2011-044. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1971726

Contact Information

Metka Hercog (Contact Author)
Maastricht University ( email )
Keizer Karelplein 19
PO Box 616
Maastricht, 6200MD
Katie Kuschminder
Maastricht University ( email )
P.O. Box 616
Maastricht, 6200MD
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References:  42