TRANSforming the Debate: Why We Need to Include Transgender Rights in the Struggles for Sex and Sexual Orientation Equality
Western New England University School of Law
Columbia Law Review, Vol. 101, p. 392, 2001
The Author observes that sex and sexual orientation equality jurisprudence is premised upon the traditional understanding of "sex" as determined by anatomy at birth. The presumption typically following from this reduction of sex to anatomy is the notion that certain gendered attributes are inherent in biological male- or femaleness. The Author asserts that these erroneous and unduly narrow views significantly hamper courts' ability to address the core of sex and sexual orientation discrimination-hostility based on failure to conform to conventional gender norms. Surveying workplace, public accommodation, asylum, marriage, and custody cases, Flynn explains how conventional jurisprudence fails a wide array of persons. Looking to the burgeoning transgender case law, the Author demonstrates how individuals ranging from working women, gay men and lesbians, and stay-at-home dads can benefit from a jurisprudence that adopts more accurate and multifaceted understandings of sex and gender.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 29
Keywords: transgender rights, sexual orientation, equality, sexuality and the law
Date posted: December 14, 2011 ; Last revised: October 8, 2013