Code of Ethics Quality: An International Comparison of Corporate Staff Support and Regulation in Australia, Canada and the United States

16 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2011

See all articles by Michael Callaghan

Michael Callaghan

Deakin University - Bowater School of Management and Marketing

Gregory Wood

Deakin University - Bowater School of Management and Marketing

Janice M. Payan

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jang B. Singh

University of Windsor - Odette School of Business

Goran Svensson

Oslo School of Management, Norway

Date Written: January 2012

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to examine the ‘Code of Ethics Quality’ (CEQ) in the largest companies of Australia, Canada and the United States. For this purpose, a proposed CEQ construct has been applied. It appears from the empirical findings that while Australia, Canada and the United States are extremely similar in their economic and social development, there may well be distinct cultural mores and issues that are forming their business ethics practices. A research implication derived from the performed research is that the construct provides a selection of observable and measurable elements in the context of CEQ. The construct of CEQ consists of nine measures divided into two dimensions (i.e. staff support and regulation). They should not be seen as a complete list. On the contrary, it is encouraged that others propose and elaborate revisions and extensions. A practical implication of this paper is a structure of what and how to examine the CEQ in a managerial setting. It may assist companies in their efforts to establish, maintain and improve their ethical culture, norms and beliefs within the organization and supporting them in their ethical business practices with different stakeholders in the marketplace and society. The dimensions and measures of the construct may be used as a frame of reference for further research. They may be useful and applicable across contexts and over time using similar samples when it comes to large companies, as small‐ or medium‐sized ones may not have considered all areas nor have the elements in place. This is a research limitation, but it provides an opportunity for further research.

Suggested Citation

Callaghan, Michael and Wood, Gregory and Payan, Janice M. and Singh, Jang B. and Svensson, Goran, Code of Ethics Quality: An International Comparison of Corporate Staff Support and Regulation in Australia, Canada and the United States (January 2012). Business Ethics: A European Review Vol. 21, No. 1, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1972071 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8608.2011.01637.x

Michael Callaghan (Contact Author)

Deakin University - Bowater School of Management and Marketing ( email )

Warrnambool, Victoria 3280
Australia

Gregory Wood

Deakin University - Bowater School of Management and Marketing ( email )

Victoria
Australia

Janice M. Payan

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Jang B. Singh

University of Windsor - Odette School of Business ( email )

499 Odette Building
Windsor N9B 3P4, Ontario
Canada

Goran Svensson

Oslo School of Management, Norway ( email )

Norway

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