Optimism, Vulnerability, and Entrepreneurial Intent: Occupation Change Intentions in Rural East Africa

43 Pages Posted: 18 Dec 2011

See all articles by Gerard George

Gerard George

Singapore Management University

Reddi Kotha

Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business, Management Department

Priti Parikh

Imperial College London

Tufool Alnuaimi

Imperial College London

AbuBakr S. Bahaj

University of Southampton

Date Written: November 23, 2011

Abstract

We examine how income seeking attitude, economic and occupational vulnerability jointly influence individual intentions to switch into entrepreneurship under desperate poverty. We posit that vulnerability negatively moderates the relationship between optimism and entrepreneurial intention. We find support for our predictions in a sample of 673 individuals from two sub-locations in rural Kenya. The study design enables us to compare intention to change occupation into entrepreneurship against changing into other occupations. We find that intention to change into entrepreneurship has a distinctly different causal process. We discuss implications of our findings entrepreneurship under conditions of desperate poverty and the theory of planned behavior.

Keywords: Optimism, Occupation, Entrepreneurship, Poverty

JEL Classification: I31, M13

Suggested Citation

George, Gerard and Kotha, Reddi and Parikh, Priti and Alnuaimi, Tufool and Bahaj, AbuBakr S., Optimism, Vulnerability, and Entrepreneurial Intent: Occupation Change Intentions in Rural East Africa (November 23, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1974060 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1974060

Gerard George (Contact Author)

Singapore Management University ( email )

469 Bukit Timah Road
Singapore 912409
Singapore

HOME PAGE: http://www.smu.edu.sg/faculty/profile/118836/Gerry-GEORGE

Reddi Kotha

Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business, Management Department ( email )

469 Bukit Timah Road
Singapore 912409
Singapore

HOME PAGE: http://www.business.smu.edu.sg/Faculty/management/reddikotha.asp

Priti Parikh

Imperial College London ( email )

South Kensington Campus
Exhibition Road
London, Greater London SW7 2AZ
United Kingdom

Tufool Alnuaimi

Imperial College London ( email )

South Kensington Campus
Exhibition Road
London, Greater London SW7 2AZ
United Kingdom

AbuBakr S. Bahaj

University of Southampton ( email )

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

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