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Is There a Gender Bias in Crime Against Firms for Developing Economies?

Asif Islam

The World Bank

September 17, 2012

This study explores the relationship between firms with a presence of female ownership and losses due to crime experienced by firms using data for about 12,000 firms in 27 developing countries. The results suggest that there may be a positive association between the losses experienced by firms due to crime and the presence of female ownership, a result consistent with findings in the literature of crimes and female headed households. The results are retained for firms with a female owner and a top female manager. These results provide some support for gender based policies given the potential inefficiencies if crime targeting female owned and managed firms discouraged female labor participation. Several macro-economic factors weaken or strengthen this relationship, implying that gender based policies in tandem with certain macro factors may be more effective.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 41

Keywords: crime, firms, gender, development

JEL Classification: K42, O10, O50, J16

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Date posted: December 18, 2011 ; Last revised: September 17, 2012

Suggested Citation

Islam, Asif, Is There a Gender Bias in Crime Against Firms for Developing Economies? (September 17, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1974085 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1974085

Contact Information

Asif M. Islam (Contact Author)
The World Bank ( email )
2121 Pennsylvania Ave NW
2121 Pennsylvania Ave NW
Washington, DC 20037
United States
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