The Child Adoption Marketplace: Parental Preferences and Adoption Outcomes

46 Pages Posted: 20 Dec 2011

See all articles by Mark Skidmore

Mark Skidmore

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics

Gary R. Anderson

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Mark E. Eiswerth

University of Nevada, Reno - College of Business Administration - Department of Economics

Date Written: December 19, 2012

Abstract

In the United States child adoption costs vary considerably, ranging from no out-of-pocket expense to $50,000 or more. What are the causes for the variability in adoption expenses? We administered a survey to a sample of Michigan adoptive families to link adoptive parent characteristics, child characteristics, and adoption-related expenses and subsidies. We then estimate “hedonic” regressions in which adoption cost is a function of child characteristics. The analysis shows that most of the variation in adoption costs is explained by child characteristics. In particular, costs lower for older children, children of African descent, and special needs children. Findings inform policies regarding the transition of children from foster care to adoptive families.

Keywords: child welfare, adoption, subsidy

JEL Classification: D100

Suggested Citation

Skidmore, Mark L. and Anderson, Gary R. and Eiswerth, Mark E., The Child Adoption Marketplace: Parental Preferences and Adoption Outcomes (December 19, 2012). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3674, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1974402

Mark L. Skidmore (Contact Author)

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States

Gary R. Anderson

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Mark E. Eiswerth

University of Nevada, Reno - College of Business Administration - Department of Economics ( email )

Mail Stop 204
Reno, NV 89557-0105
United States

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