The Impacts of Microfinance: Evidence from Joint-Liability Lending in Mongolia
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2015, 7(1), 90-122.
33 Pages Posted: 21 Dec 2011 Last revised: 4 May 2015
Date Written: 2015
We present evidence from a randomized field experiment in rural Mongolia to assess the poverty impacts of a joint-liability microcredit program targeted at women. We find a positive impact of access to group loans on female entrepreneurship and household food consumption but not on total working hours or income in the household. A simultaneously introduced individual-liability microcredit program delivers no significant poverty impacts. Additional results on informal transfers to families and friends suggest that joint liability may deter borrowers from using loans for noninvestment purposes with stronger impacts as a result. We find no difference in repayment rates between both types of microcredit.
Keywords: microcredit, group lending, poverty, access to finance, randomized field experiment
JEL Classification: O16, G21, D21, I32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation