Information and Communication Technologies Mediated Environmental Collective Action in Rural China: Reconstructing State-Society Relations
27 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2011
Date Written: December 10, 2011
This study examines environmental collective action in rural China which is mediated by ICTs and its political influences. Based on cross-case studies and fuzzy-set analysis of in-depth interview data, it is found that the level of ICT development does not correlate to the utilization of ICT for environmental movement on a collective basis, as factors such as awareness of ICT's role in organization, documentation and information gathering, level of knowledge about related policies and laws, existence of leadership and solidarity in the community, literacy would function as barriers to prevent villagers from uniting as a collective to work towards public goods. This study also finds that successful ICT-mediated environmental movement in rural China can help improve state-society relations and contribute to liberalization in China, by facilitating interaction and mutual engagement of rural residents and the local governments and thus enhancing villagers' political confidence in the government.
Keywords: Collective action, Governance, Environmental movement, Public goods, Information and Communications Technologies
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