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Women, Schooling, and Marriage in Rural Philippines

Levy Economics Institute of Bard College Working Paper No. 701

34 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2011 Last revised: 9 Jan 2012

Sanjaya DeSilva

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute

Mohammed Mehrab Bakhtiar

Bard College

Date Written: December 23, 2011

Abstract

Using data from the Bicol region of the Philippines, we examine why women are more educated than men in a rural, agricultural economy in which women are significantly less likely than men to participate in the labor market. We hypothesize that educational homogamy in the marriage market and cross-productivity effects in the household allow Filipino women to reap substantial benefits from schooling regardless of whether they enter the labor market. Our estimates reveal that the return to schooling for women is approximately 20 percent in both labor and marriage markets. In comparison, men experience a 12 percent return to schooling in the labor market. By using birth order, sibship size, percent of male siblings, and parental education as instruments, we correct for a significant downward bias that is caused by the endogeneity of schooling attainment.

Keywords: Returns to Education, Gender, Marriage, Philippines

JEL Classification: I21, J12, J16, J24, O15

Suggested Citation

DeSilva, Sanjaya and Bakhtiar, Mohammed Mehrab, Women, Schooling, and Marriage in Rural Philippines (December 23, 2011). Levy Economics Institute of Bard College Working Paper No. 701. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1976259 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1976259

Sanjaya DeSilva (Contact Author)

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute ( email )

Blithewood
Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504-5000
United States
(845) 758-7072 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://inside.bard.edu/academic/programs/envstudies/faculty/#Sanjaya_DeSilva

Mohammed Mehrab Bakhtiar

Bard College ( email )

Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504-5000
United States

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