War and Stature: Growing Up During the Nigerian Civil War

13 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2011

See all articles by Richard Akresh

Richard Akresh

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Sonia R. Bhalotra

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Marinella Leone

University of Sussex

Una Okonkwo Osili

Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)

Abstract

The Nigerian civil war of 1967-70 was precipitated by secession of the Igbo-dominated south-eastern region to create the state of Biafra. It was the first civil war in Africa, the predecessor of many. We investigate the legacies of this war four decades later. Using variation across ethnicity and cohort, we identify significant long run impacts on human health capital. Individuals exposed to the war at all ages between birth and adolescence exhibit reduced adult stature and these impacts are largest in adolescence. Adult stature is portentous of reduced life expectancy and lower earnings.

Keywords: war, height, early life, human capital investments, Nigeria

JEL Classification: I12, O12, J13

Suggested Citation

Akresh, Richard and Bhalotra, Sonia R. and Leone, Marinella and Osili, Una Okonkwo, War and Stature: Growing Up During the Nigerian Civil War. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6194, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1976525

Richard Akresh (Contact Author)

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ( email )

601 E John St
Champaign, IL 61820
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Sonia R. Bhalotra

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Marinella Leone

University of Sussex ( email )

Sussex House
Falmer
Brighton, Sussex BNI 9RH
United Kingdom

Una Okonkwo Osili

Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) ( email )

1309 E. 10th St.
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States

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