War and Women's Work: Evidence from the Conflict in Nepal

33 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2011

See all articles by Nidhiya Menon

Nidhiya Menon

Brandeis University - International Business School

Yana Rodgers

Rutgers University - Department of Women's and Gender Studies

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Abstract

This paper examines how Nepal’s 1996-2006 civil conflict affected women’s decisions to engage in employment. Using three waves of Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, we employ a difference-in-difference approach to identify the impact of war on women’s employment decisions. Results indicate that as a result of the Maoist-led insurgency, women’s employment probabilities were substantially higher in 2001 and 2006 relative to the outbreak of war in 1996. These employment results also hold for self-employment decisions, and they hold for smaller sub-samples that condition on husband’s migration status and women’s status as widows or household heads. Numerous robustness checks of the main results provide compelling evidence that women’s likelihood of employment increased as a consequence of the conflict.

Keywords: conflict, women’s employment, added worker effect, geography, Nepal

JEL Classification: J21, O12, D74

Suggested Citation

Menon, Nidhiya and Rodgers, Yana, War and Women's Work: Evidence from the Conflict in Nepal. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6209. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1976540

Nidhiya Menon (Contact Author)

Brandeis University - International Business School ( email )

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Yana Rodgers

Rutgers University - Department of Women's and Gender Studies ( email )

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New Brunswick, NJ 08901
United States
732-932-9331 (Phone)
732-932-1335 (Fax)

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