The Legal Feasibility of Imposing Shipping Controls in Straits Used for International Navigation: A Study of the Straits of Malacca and Singapore
Mohd Hazmi bin Mohd Rusli
Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS), University of Wollongong, Australia.
December 24, 2011
OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 2, No. 9, pp. 69-82, 2011
The Straits of Malacca and Singapore are two of the most significant straits for international shipping activities. The navigational regime of foreign vessels in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore is governed by Part III of the LOSC. It prescribes that vessels and aircraft of all flags may exercise the unimpeded right of transit passage while navigating through straits used for international navigation. With the projected steady increase of navigational traffic through the Straits of Malacca and Singapore each year, this situation would eventually create intricate situations for the littoral States of Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore particularly in protecting the marine environment of the Straits from vessel-source pollution. The Straits are currently facing many environmental problems as a result of heavy shipping activities. This article examines the current issues pertaining to marine pollution that is affecting the well-being of the marine environment of the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. This article also discusses the current as well as the potential future environmental protection measures that the littoral States could consider resorting to, and the possible legal consequences as a result of the implementation of such measures. This article concludes by suggesting ways and proposals to achieve environmental sustainability in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 14
Keywords: Environmental Sustainability, Law of the Sea, Marine Environment, Straits of Malacca and Singapore
Date posted: December 25, 2011