Evidence of State-Level Variability in the Economic and Demographic Well-Being of People with Disabilities in India

41 Pages Posted: 31 Dec 2011

See all articles by Nidhiya Menon

Nidhiya Menon

Brandeis University - International Business School

Susan L. Parish

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Roderick A. Rose

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

Among countries with comparable levels of income, India has one of the more progressive disability policy frameworks; however, people with disabilities in India are subject to multiple disadvantages. This paper focuses on state-level variations in outcomes for people with disabilities to provide one explanation for the stark contrast between the liberal laws on paper and the challenges faced by people with disabilities in practice. Using a random coefficients model that allows for state-level differences, we find that households with members with disabilities have 4.2 percent lower marriage rates, monthly per capita expenditure that is lower by 176 Indian Rupees (19 percent of overall average per capita expenditure), and about a 5 percent lower level of completed formal schooling as compared to households without disabled individuals. Tests of parameter constancy across states are almost uniformly rejected indicating the presence of substantial state-level heterogeneity across all models in the outcomes examined.

Keywords: disability, India, economic well-being, state variations, people with disabilities

JEL Classification: O12, I15, I18

Suggested Citation

Menon, Nidhiya and Parish, Susan L. and Rose, Roderick A., Evidence of State-Level Variability in the Economic and Demographic Well-Being of People with Disabilities in India. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6218. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1977804

Nidhiya Menon (Contact Author)

Brandeis University - International Business School ( email )

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Susan L. Parish

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Roderick A. Rose

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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