Understanding User Acceptance of Digital Libraries: What are the Roles of Interface Characteristics, Organizational Context, and Individual Differences?
International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, Vol. 57, No. 3, pp. 215-242, 2002
28 Pages Posted: 4 Jan 2012
Date Written: January 3, 2012
Digital library research efforts originating from library and information scientists have focused on the technical development. While millions of dollars have been spent on building 'usable' digital libraries, previous research indicates that potential users may still not use them. This study contributes to understanding user acceptance of digital libraries by utilizing the technology acceptance model (TAM). Three system interface characteristics, three organizational context variables, and three individual differences are identified as critical external variables that have impact on adoption intention through perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use of the digital library. Data was collected from 397 users of an award-winning digital library. The findings show that both perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use are determinants of user acceptance of digital libraries. In addition, interface characteristics and individual differences affect perceived ease of use, while organizational context influences both perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of digital libraries.
Keywords: digital library, technology acceptance model, system interface, organizational context, individual differences
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