Traditional Korean Gardens
Landscape Outlook, pp. 12-16, Winter 2010
5 Pages Posted: 4 Jan 2012 Last revised: 10 Jan 2012
Date Written: July 1, 2011
The author compares Chinese, Japanese and Korean gardens and identifies some characteristics unique to traditional Korean gardens. These include: lack of enclosure, use of borrowed landscape, infrequency of man-made structures within Korean gardens, use of additional different plants, extensive use of symbolic ponds, careful siting of gardens in wilderness areas, less construction of artificial landscape features, and use of aesthetic and functional ceramic terraces. Specific gardens described and analysed in accordance with these criteria include: the Korean Folk Village outside Suwon; Gyeongbokgung Palace in Seoul; Bulguksa Temple, the Silla dynasty tomb park, Anapji Pond and King Munmu's tomb in and around Gyeongju; Seochulji pond and Yeodang pavillion at Yangpi village and Gungnamji pond and Royal pleasure garden near Buyeo.
Keywords: Korea, gardens, public parks, national monuments, garden history, Asian gardens, Chinese mythology
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