The Cross-Section and Time-Series of Stock and Bond Returns

64 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2012 Last revised: 16 Dec 2014

Ralph S. J. Koijen

New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Hanno N. Lustig

Stanford Graduate School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

New York University Stern School of Business, Department of Finance; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Date Written: December 15, 2014

Abstract

Low realizations of the bond factors, typically at the onset of recessions, coincide with low value-minus-growth returns, low future dividend growth on value-minus-growth, and low future economic growth. This evidence supports the view that the business cycle is a priced state variable in stock markets. Because of this new nexus between stock and bond markets, a parsimonious three-factor model can be used to jointly price the book-to-market stock and maturity-sorted bond portfolios and reproduce the time-series variation in expected bond returns. Structural dynamic asset pricing models need to include a central role for the business cycle as a priced state variable to be quantitatively consistent with the observed value, equity, and bond risk premia.

Suggested Citation

Koijen, Ralph S. J. and Lustig, Hanno N. and Van Nieuwerburgh, Stijn, The Cross-Section and Time-Series of Stock and Bond Returns (December 15, 2014). NYU Working Paper No. 2451/31423. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1983081

Ralph S. J. Koijen

New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance ( email )

Stern School of Business
44 West 4th Street
New York, NY 10012-1126
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.koijen.net

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

Hanno N. Lustig

Stanford Graduate School of Business ( email )

Stanford GSB
655 Knight Way
Stanford, CA California 94305-6072
United States
3108716532 (Phone)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh (Contact Author)

New York University Stern School of Business, Department of Finance ( email )

44 West 4th Street
Suite 9-190
New York, NY 10012-1126
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

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