University Technology Transfer: How (In-)Efficient are French Universities?

Cambridge Journal of Economics, vol. 36, no. 3, 629–54, 2012

Posted: 13 Jan 2012 Last revised: 20 Jul 2012

See all articles by Claudia Curi

Claudia Curi

Free University of Bolzano-Bozen, Faculty of Economics and Management

Cinzia C. Daraio

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa - Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM); Institute for Informatics and Telematics (IIT CNR)

Patrick Llerena

BETA - University of Strasbourg

Date Written: April 30, 2012

Abstract

This paper presents the first assessment of the efficiency of the technology transfer operated by the French university system and its main determinants. The analysis is based on a detailed and original database of 51 technology transfer offices (TTOs) categorised by the type of university to which they belong, for the period 2003–07. Overall, we find a low level of efficiency and both intra- and intercategory efficiency variation. Analysis of the determinants shows that the efficiency of French TTOs depends primarily on the nature of the category (with universities specialised in science and engineering being most efficient), and on institutional and environmental characteristics. Both the age of the TTO and the size of the university have a positive effect. In terms of environmental variables, the intensity of R&D activity (both private and public) has a positive impact; however, in terms of growth rate, private R&D activity seems to be the main driver. Lastly, we find that the presence of a university-related hospital is detrimental to efficiency. An extended discussion of the results within the existing literature is also offered.

Keywords: Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs), French University System, Technical Efficiency, DEA, Bootstrap

JEL Classification: C34, C44, D24

Suggested Citation

Curi, Claudia and Daraio, Cinzia C. and Llerena, Patrick, University Technology Transfer: How (In-)Efficient are French Universities? (April 30, 2012). Cambridge Journal of Economics, vol. 36, no. 3, 629–54, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1984043 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1984043

Claudia Curi (Contact Author)

Free University of Bolzano-Bozen, Faculty of Economics and Management ( email )

Universitätsplatz 1-Piazza Università 1
Bozen-Bolzano, Bolzano 39100
Italy
+39 0471 13498 (Phone)

Cinzia C. Daraio

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa - Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM) ( email )

Piazza Martiri della Liberta, 33
Pisa, I-56127
Italy

Institute for Informatics and Telematics (IIT CNR)

Via G-. Moruzzi, 1
Pisa, Pisa I 56127
Italy
+39 050 883 111 (Phone)
+39 050 883 344 (Fax)

Patrick Llerena

BETA - University of Strasbourg ( email )

Strasbourg
France

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