World Trade Law after Doha: Multilateral, Regional and National Approaches

36 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2012

See all articles by David A. Gantz

David A. Gantz

Univ. Of Arizona College of Law; Mexico Center, Baker Institute

Date Written: January 9, 2012


After ten years the Doha Development Round is effectively dead, at least in its present form. A broadly comprehensive round of trade negotiations reminiscent of Doha or the Uruguay Round will not likely be attempted again in the foreseeable future. While some have suggested that Doha’s demise threatens the continued existence of the GATT/WTO system, even with some risks of increasing protectionism the United States, the European Union (EU), Japan, Brazil, China and India, among others, have far too much to lose to make abandoning the WTO a rational option. If there is reason for cautious optimism post-Doha it is because there are alternatives to a comprehensive package of new or amended multilateral agreements. They include existing and future “plurilateral” trade agreements, new or revised regional trade agreements (RTAs) covering both goods and services, and liberalized national trade laws and regulations in the WTO member nations. This article discusses the alternatives, which while less than ideal may provide an impetus for continuing trade liberalization both among specific countries and in some instances world-wide.

Keywords: Doha, World Trade Organization, WTO, GATT, trade agreements

Suggested Citation

Gantz, David A., World Trade Law after Doha: Multilateral, Regional and National Approaches (January 9, 2012). Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 12-01, Available at SSRN: or

David A. Gantz (Contact Author)

Univ. Of Arizona College of Law ( email )

P.O. Box 210176
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United States
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Mexico Center, Baker Institute ( email )

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