Testing Joint Hypotheses When One of the Alternatives is One-Sided
45 Pages Posted: 15 Jan 2012
Date Written: May 26, 2006
We propose a class of statistics where the direction of one of the alternatives is incorporated. It is obtained by modifying a class of multivariate tests with elliptical confidence regions, not necessarily arising from normal-based distribution theory. The resulting statistics are easy to compute, they do not require the re-estimation of models subject to one-sided inequality restrictions, and their distributions do not require bounds-based inference. We derive explicit distribution and power functions, using them to prove some desirable properties of our class of modified tests. We then illustrate the relevance of the method by applying it to devising an improved test of random walks in autoregressive models with deterministic components. In this example, the usual alternative to a unit root is one-sided in the direction of stable roots, while deterministic components are allowed to go either way, and we show that it is beneficial to take the partially one-sided nature of the alternative into account.
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