The APA's Reasoned-Explanation Rule and IRS Deficiency Notices
Tax Notes, p. 331, 2012
15 Pages Posted: 18 Jan 2012 Last revised: 25 Jan 2012
Date Written: January 16, 2012
The D.C. Circuit’s confirmation in Cohen that the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) applies to the IRS raises the question of what that application will mean. The APA’s arbitrary and capricious standard for judicial review of agency action incorporates a requirement that agencies provide contemporaneous reasoned explanations for their actions, which clearly applies to IRS regulations. This report contends that the APA’s reasoned explanation requirement also applies to IRS deficiency notices. Pre- APA case law held that IRS deficiency notices need not contain any explanation, but this conclusion has not been reexamined in light of the act’s arbitrary and capricious standard. The pre-APA conclusion that IRS deficiency notices need no explanation cannot stand when reconsidered in light of the APA’s reasoned explanation requirement.
Keywords: Administrative Procedure Act, arbitrary and capricious standard, deficiency notices, IRS, State Farm
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