40 Pages Posted: 25 Jan 2012
Date Written: January 23, 2012
Natural disasters have been a major cause of human suffering. Countries with higher income, lower inequality, lower corruption, and more democratic regimes have been found to experience less casualties from disasters. Government repression, however, could also play a role in disaster preparedness. In particular, I examine whether governments that are deemed to be human rights violators, which may not expect to receive assistance, experience lower casualties due perhaps to greater investment in disaster preparedness. I find an inverse U-shaped relationship between repression and casualties, with countries at either end of the distribution experiencing lower fatalities.
Keywords: natural disasters, government repression, disaster preparedness, human rights
JEL Classification: D70, H50, O00, F35
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Costa, Samia, Government Repression and the Death Toll from Natural Disasters (January 23, 2012). CESifo Working Paper No. 3703. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1990191