Educational Achievement of Second Generation Immigrants: An International Comparison

43 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2012

See all articles by Christian Dustmann

Christian Dustmann

University College London; Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Tommaso Frattini

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA); University of Milan - Department of Economics, Business and Statistics

Gianandrea Lanzara

University of Bologna

Date Written: September 1, 2011

Abstract

This paper investigates the educational achievements of second generation immigrants in several OECD countries in a comparative perspective. We first show that the educational achievement (measured as test scores in PISA achievement tests) of children of immigrants is quite heterogeneous across countries, and strongly related to achievements of the parent generation. The disadvantage considerably reduces, and even disappears for some countries, once we condition on parental background characteristics. Second, we provide novel analysis of cross-country comparisons of test scores of children from the same country of origin, and compare (conditional) achievement scores in home and host countries. The focus is on Turkish immigrants, whom we observe in several destination countries. We investigate both mathematics and reading test scores, and show that the results vary according to the type of skills tested. For mathematics, in most countries and even if the test scores achievement of the children of Turkish immigrants is lower than that of their native peers, it is still higher than that of children of their cohort in the home country - conditional and unconditional on parental background characteristics. The analysis suggests that higher school quality relative to that in the home country is important to explain immigrant children’s educational advantage.

Keywords: Education, Second-Generation Immigrants

JEL Classification: J61, J62, I2

Suggested Citation

Dustmann, Christian and Frattini, Tommaso and Lanzara, Gianandrea, Educational Achievement of Second Generation Immigrants: An International Comparison (September 1, 2011). Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano Development Studies Working Paper No. 314, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1991148 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1991148

Christian Dustmann (Contact Author)

University College London ( email )

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Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

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United Kingdom

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Tommaso Frattini

University of Milan - Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (LdA) ( email )

Via P. Amedeo 34
Milano, Mi 20122
Italy

University of Milan - Department of Economics, Business and Statistics ( email )

Via Festa del Perdono, 7
Milan, 20122
Italy

Gianandrea Lanzara

University of Bologna ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40100
Italy

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