Presale Contract and Its Embedded Default and Abandonment Options
Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Date Written: January 24, 2012
The presale contract is a popular property selling method that allows a buyer to default on the remaining payment and/or a developer to abandon a project. Using a simple two-period game theoretical model, we derive a closed-form pricing equation for a presale contract that explicitly accounts for a developer's abandonment option and a buyer's default option. Although a developer has an abandonment option under either a spot sale or a presale method, the option is more valuable under a presale contract because of an additional cash inflow from the presale downpayment. A presale also provides a buyer a default option, which is valuable in a real estate market with uncertain demand and price risk. We analyze the implications of the abandonment option on a developer's construction decision and choice of selling method, as well as the implications of the default option on a buyer's purchase decision. Furthermore, our model framework has implications to the pricing of futures contracts that involve both stochastic revenues and costs.
Keywords: Property presale; Real option; Development decision
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