Does Systemic Risk in the Financial Sector Predict Future Economic Downturns?
85 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2012 Last revised: 14 Jul 2015
Date Written: July 7, 2012
We derive a measure of aggregate systemic risk, designated CATFIN, that complements bank-specific systemic risk measures by forecasting macroeconomic downturns six months into the future using out-of-sample tests conducted with US, European and Asian bank data. Consistent with bank "specialness," the CATFIN of both large and small banks forecasts macroeconomic declines, whereas a similarly defined measure for both nonfinancial firms and simulated "fake banks" has no marginal predictive ability. High levels of systemic risk in the banking sector impact the macroeconomy through aggregate lending activity. A conditional asset pricing model shows that CATFIN is priced for financial and non-financial firms.
Keywords: Systemic risk, value at risk, expected shortfall, financial crisis, banking crises, Too Big to Fail
JEL Classification: G01, G21, G12, C13, C22
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