Unequal Access to Higher Education in the Czech Republic: The Role of Spatial Distribution of Universities

58 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2012

See all articles by Michal Franta

Michal Franta

Charles University, Prague; Czech National Bank (CNB)

Martin Guzi

Masaryk University; Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Abstract

We explore a potential source of human capital spatial disparities: the unequal access to tertiary education caused by the absence/presence of a local university. Because the entrance to a university is a sequential process in the Czech Republic we model both a student's decision to apply to a university and the admission process. Two possible sources of unequal access to university are distinguished: cost savings and informational advantages for those residing close to a university. Estimation results suggest that the presence of a university per se is not driving student's decision to apply. Further we find that information advantage due to university proximity plays a significant role in the admission process. However this advantage is specific to the field of study, and becomes stronger in the case of highly oversubscribed study fields. To equalize the chance of admission, policy makers should consider geographical expansion of the system of universities accompanied by the expansion of university programs.

Keywords: human capital, spatial distribution, access to tertiary education

JEL Classification: I20, I21, J24

Suggested Citation

Franta, Michal and Guzi, Martin, Unequal Access to Higher Education in the Czech Republic: The Role of Spatial Distribution of Universities. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6285. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1994348

Michal Franta (Contact Author)

Charles University, Prague ( email )

Politickych veznu 7
Prague 1, 111 21
Czech Republic

HOME PAGE: http://www.cerge-ei.cz

Czech National Bank (CNB) ( email )

Na Prikope 28
CZ-11503 Praha 1
Czech Republic

Martin Guzi

Masaryk University ( email )

Lipova 41a
Brno, 60200
Czech Republic
+420549496766 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.muni.cz/econ/people/233611

Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI)

Zvolensk√° 29
Bratislava, 82109
Slovakia

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://legacy.iza.org/en/webcontent/personnel/photos/index_html?key=5347

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